Authors: Seong Hee Lee, Nicholas Britten, Avram Block, Aryaman Pandya, Malte F. Jung, Paul Schmitt
Published: March 13, 2023
Summary: Lane changes of autonomous vehicles (AV) should not only succeed in making the maneuver but also provide a positive interaction experience for other drivers. As lane changes involve complex interactions, identification of a set of behaviors for autonomous vehicle lane change communication can be difficult to define. This study investigates different movements communicating AV lane change intent in order to identify which effectively communicates and positively affects other drivers’ decisions. We utilized a virtual reality environment wherein 14 participants were each placed in the driver’s seat of a car and experienced four different AV lane change signals. Our findings suggest that expressive lane change behaviors such as lateral movement have high levels of legibility at the cost of high perceived aggressiveness. We propose further investigation into how balancing key parameters of lateral movement can balance in legibility and aggressiveness that provide the best AV interaction experience for human drivers.